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A Comparative Study of Afghanistan’s Schools Versus Other Countries

Mohammad Sarwar Haqparast, Mohammad Salem Hamidi


This study was conducted using the qualitative method in which related articles were examined based on George Bereday’s model. Junior and senior high schools in Afghanistan were compared with those in the Islamic Republic of Iran, England, Pakistan, Japan, Turkey, Malaysia, the Netherlands, Finland, and Oman. Iran, Pakistan, Malaysia, and Oman due to the culture close to that of Afghanistan but different educational results, as well as other countries including Finland, Japan, and the United Kingdom due to their leading position in education in the world were selected. Moreover, the Netherlands was selected due to the use of at least two official languages in the educational process, which is similar to Afghanistan in this regard. The comparative results of this study indicated that the educational objectives of Afghanistan in the secondary education have many similarities with those of the selected countries in many aspects, including scientific–educational, economic, arts, social, and environmental, and in some cases, there are differences, including political and cultural issues. The objectives for Afghan education are evaluated in terms of their advantages and disadvantages.


Educational objectives, junior and senior high schools, similarities and differences

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