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Controlling of Level Process in Non-Linear System Using Variable Frequency Drive

R. Dhanasekar, S. Vijayachitra, M. Pravin Savaridas

Abstract


AbstractThe objective of this paper is to investigate the Model Predictive Control (MPC) strategy, analyze and compare the control effects with Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control strategy in maintaining a level of spherical tank system using VFD. An advanced control method, MPC has been widely used and well received in a wide variety of applications in process control, it utilizes an explicit process model to predict the future response of a process and solve an optimal control problem with a finite horizon at each sampling instant. In this paper, an algorithm is developed for controlling the speed of the pump using VFD to maintain the level of the spherical tank system. Next, the system is modeled and linearized for analysis and design. Model is implemented in a simulation environment based on LabVIEW. Both MPC and PID control methods are tried to design the controller for the water level system in a spherical tank and compared the results in terms of peak time, settling time, overshoot, and steady-state error under various operational conditions including time delays. The results showed the advantage of MPC for dealing with the system dynamic over PID and could be designed for more complex and fast system dynamics even in presence of constraints and Reduction of power consumption by the pump due to usage of VFD for controlling level by varying the speed of the pump based on the level of the tank.

Keywords: Non Linear - Spherical Tank System – Level Control – Variable Frequency Drive – PID Controller – MPC Controller – Modeling - LabVIEW.

Cite this Article

R. Dhanasekar, S. Vijayachitra, M. Pravin Savaridass. Controlling of Level Process in Nonlinear System Using Variable Frequency Drive. Current Trends in Information Technology. 2019; 9(1): 24–33p.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.37591/ctit.v9i2.410

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